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The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law$
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Jenny S. Martinez

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195391626

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195391626.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 November 2020

From Crisis to Success

From Crisis to Success

The Final Abolition of the Slave Trade

Chapter:
(p.140) Chapter 7 From Crisis to Success
Source:
The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law
Author(s):

Jenny S. Martinez

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195391626.003.0007

This chapter examines the factors that led to the abolition of the slave trade. The weaknesses in the mixed court system led the British government to replace it with a combination of military force and domestic courts. The pressure brought by this shift in strategy led to changes in the domestic policies of Portugal and Brazil, that culminated in the ultimate suppression of the slave trade under the domestic laws of those countries. However, the last surviving branch of the transatlantic slave trade, the traffic to Cuba, was only eliminated when the British turned back to cooperative international legal action by concluding a treaty with the Americans. On April 25, 1862, the U.S. Senate unanimously ratified a treaty with Britain, which provided mutual rights of search and the trial of slave ships in mixed courts.

Keywords:   slave trade abolition, mixed court system, military force, domestic courts, Portugal slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, Cuban slave trade

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