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Payback – Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge

David P. Barash and Judith Eve Lipton


From the child taunted by her playmates to the office worker who feels stifled in his daily routine, people frequently take out their pain and anger on others, even those who had nothing to do with the original stress. Payback can be directed anywhere, sometimes at inanimate things, animals, or other people. This book looks at this phenomenon, showing how it has evolved, why it occurs, and what we can do about it. Retaliation and revenge are well known to most people. What is new in this book is an extended discussion of redirected aggression, which occurs not only in people but other species ... More

Keywords: pain, anger, stress, payback, retaliation, revenge, redirected aggression

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780195395143
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395143.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

David P. Barash, author
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, Professor of Psychology

Judith Eve Lipton, author
, Psychiatrist in private practice

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