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The Knockoff Economy – How Imitation Sparks Innovation - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Knockoff Economy: How Imitation Sparks Innovation

Kal Raustiala and Christopher Sprigman


From the shopping mall to the corner bistro, knockoffs are everywhere in today's marketplace. Conventional wisdom holds that copying kills creativity, and that laws that protect against copies are essential to innovation—and economic success. But are copyrights and patents always necessary? This book argues that creativity can not only survive in the face of copying, but can thrive. The book approaches the question of incentives and innovation in a wholly new way—by exploring creative fields where copying is generally legal, such as fashion, food, and even professional football. By uncovering ... More

Keywords: copying, creativity, copies, economic success, incentives, innovation, fashion, food, football, imitation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780195399783
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195399783.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kal Raustiala, author
Professor of Law and Director of the Ronald W. Burkle Center for International Relations, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States

Christopher Sprigman, author
Associate Professor of Law, The University of Virginia School of Law

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