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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 3: 1400-1800$
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José Rabasa, Masayuki Sato, Edoardo Tortarolo, and Daniel Woolf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199219179

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199219179.001.0001

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Major Trends in European Antiquarianism, Petrarch to Peiresc

Major Trends in European Antiquarianism, Petrarch to Peiresc

(p.244) Chapter 12 Major Trends in European Antiquarianism, Petrarch to Peiresc
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Peter N. Miller

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the history of antiquarianism. Such as history would begin with Petrarch, not as an ideologist of antiquity but as a student of its material remains, especially in verbal form (manuscripts, epigraphy, numismatics). The next highpoint occurs a century later, in the 1440s, with Poggio Bracciolini, Flavio Biondo, and Cyriac of Ancona. A century later still, the lead is taken by a group of scholars circling around the household of Cardinal Alexander Farnese, including Pirro Ligorio and Onofrio Panvinio. Their breakthrough, towards an intensive engagement with ancient visual and material culture in its fullest extent, was picked up in the next generation by the Frenchman Peiresc and his colleagues in the circle of Cardinal Francesco Barberini. With Peiresc it is possible to see the outlines of that ‘broader’ history of European antiquarianism, as it intersects with natural history, medicine, and astronomy, as well as oriental languages and literature.

Keywords:   antiquarianism, history, past, Poggio Bracciolini, Flavio Biondo, Cyriac of Ancona, Ligorio, Onofrio Panvinio

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