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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 3: 1400-1800$
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José Rabasa, Masayuki Sato, Edoardo Tortarolo, and Daniel Woolf

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199219179

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199219179.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 January 2021

Spanish American Colonial Historiography

Spanish American Colonial Historiography

Issues, Traditions, and Debates

(p.661) Chapter 32 Spanish American Colonial Historiography
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the great debates over the New World in the eighteenth century. It traces the ways in which Spanish and American historians responded to Northern Europeans writing about the inferiority of New World cultures and nature. It finds in American, and to some extent also in Spanish historians, a redefinition of the ideals of the Enlightenment. It argues that American historians were truer to the scientific spirit of the Enlightenment than their European counterparts. It also considers how European historians could claim originality and newness, conveniently ignoring American historians while mining their books.

Keywords:   historical writing, New World, Spanish historians, American historians, Enlightenment

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