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Ancient EgyptState and Society$
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Alan B. Lloyd

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286188

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199286188.001.0001

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Dialogue and Transition

Dialogue and Transition

(p.283) 9 Dialogue and Transition
Ancient Egypt

Alan B. Lloyd

Oxford University Press

The invasion of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 BC inaugurated a thousand years of intimate contact between the Egyptian and Classical worlds, both physical and conceptual, which led ultimately to the complete erosion of Pharaonic civilization and the transmutation of native Egyptian culture into something quite new. This process of cultural attrition is copiously documented and provides the clearest possible picture of the gradual, deadly abrasion of a great civilization to the point where nothing but vestigial remains were left. This chapter plots this process through the last two major periods of Egypt's ancient history: the Ptolemaic Period and Roman Egypt.

Keywords:   Egyptian culture, Alexander the Great, Pharaonic civilization, cultural attrition, Ptolemac Period, Roman Egypt

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