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Ancient EgyptState and Society$
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Alan B. Lloyd

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286188

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199286188.001.0001

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The Historical Context

The Historical Context

(p.5) 1 The Historical Context
Ancient Egypt

Alan B. Lloyd

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a conspectus of Egyptian prehistory and history down to the Roman Period. It emphasizes that the evolution of proto-Egyptian society and civilization developed with increasing momentum during the Prehistoric Period until the latter half of the fourth millennium, when it took a major leap forward under the influence of three major conurbations: first Naqada, whose culture swept all before it to dominate the entire country; then Hierakonpolis, which played a critical role in developing the ideology of Egyptian kingship; and finally Abydos which, in association with Hierakonpolis, laid the foundations for the Pharaonic Egyptian state.

Keywords:   Egyptian prehistory, Egyptian history, Roman period, Naqada, Hierakonpolis, kingship, Abydos, Pharaonic Egyptian state

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