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Advances in Culture and Psychology$
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Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu, and Ying-yi Hong

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199336715

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199336715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Cultural Neuroscience

Cultural Neuroscience

Understanding Human Diversity

(p.1) Chapter 1 Cultural Neuroscience
Advances in Culture and Psychology

Joan Y. Chiao

Bobby K. Cheon

Narun Pornpattananangkul

Alissa J. Mrazek

Kate D. Blizinsky

Oxford University Press

The studies of culture and biology have historically been stratified; however, recent advances in cultural and biological sciences provide novel opportunities for understanding the nature and origin of human diversity by bridging these gaps. Our goal in this chapter is to illustrate the integration of theory and methods in cultural and biological sciences. Cultural neuroscience is an emerging interdisciplinary science that investigates how cultural and genetic diversity affect psychological and neural processes in the production of human behavior. We provide a historical background and theoretical rationale for cultural neuroscience as well as empirical. We further illustrate that a complete understanding of human nature will be elusive without accounting for how cultural and genetic diversity affect the mind, brain, and behavior across multiple timescales. Implications of cultural neuroscience research for basic and applied fields, including merging the scientific study of culture and biology, interethnic ideology, and population health, are discussed.

Keywords:   cultural neuroscience, culture-gene coevolution, cultural and biological change, acculturation, neuroplasticity, developmental, epigenetic, culture-gene-environment interaction, biology, neuroscience, culture, psychology

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