Understanding Human Diversity
The studies of culture and biology have historically been stratified; however, recent advances in cultural and biological sciences provide novel opportunities for understanding the nature and origin of human diversity by bridging these gaps. Our goal in this chapter is to illustrate the integration of theory and methods in cultural and biological sciences. Cultural neuroscience is an emerging interdisciplinary science that investigates how cultural and genetic diversity affect psychological and neural processes in the production of human behavior. We provide a historical background and theoretical rationale for cultural neuroscience as well as empirical. We further illustrate that a complete understanding of human nature will be elusive without accounting for how cultural and genetic diversity affect the mind, brain, and behavior across multiple timescales. Implications of cultural neuroscience research for basic and applied fields, including merging the scientific study of culture and biology, interethnic ideology, and population health, are discussed.
Keywords: cultural neuroscience, culture-gene coevolution, cultural and biological change, acculturation, neuroplasticity, developmental, epigenetic, culture-gene-environment interaction, biology, neuroscience, culture, psychology
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