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Advances in Culture and Psychology$
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Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu, and Ying-yi Hong

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199336715

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199336715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 May 2021

Culture and Epistemologies

Culture and Epistemologies

Putting Culture Back Into the Ecosystem

(p.177) Chapter 4 Culture and Epistemologies
Advances in Culture and Psychology

Douglas Medin

bethany ojalehto

Ananda Marin

Megan Bang

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews a body of research on cultural differences in framework theories for engaging with nature, focusing primarily on Indigenous American and European American comparisons. Native American samples reveal a pattern of converging observations that point to a relational epistemological orientation and a propensity for systems level thinking. In contrast, Non-Native samples show observations suggesting that humans are conceptualized as more psychologically distant from the rest of nature. Correlated with distance is a tendency for a taxonomic rather than an ecological orientation. It also suggests that the way that researchers think about and study culture may reflect their own cultural practices and we propose a more ecological analysis of culture itself.

Keywords:   folkbiology, folkpsychology, folkecology, relational epistemology, Native American, systems level thinking, cultural practices, cultural differences, Indigenous American, European American, ecological analysis

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