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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 4: 1800-1945$
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Stuart Macintyre, Juan Maiguashca, and Attila Pók

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199533091

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199533091.001.0001

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Brazilian Historical Writing and the Building of a Nation

Brazilian Historical Writing and the Building of a Nation

(p.447) Chapter 22 Brazilian Historical Writing and the Building of a Nation
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Ciro Flamarion Cardoso

Oxford University Press

The Brazilian historian João Capistrano de Abreu is well-known for his summary of the effects of three centuries of Portuguese colonization in his book ‘Capítulos de História Colonial’. According to Abreu, five regions were created along with five ‘ethnographic groups’, which at the end of the colonial period joined in a common contempt for the Portuguese. This chapter also emphasizes that in the 18th century scholars struggled with the problem of how to put together into a symbolic or ideological whole the very heterogeneous parts of the Portuguese Empire. After political independence in 1822, Brazilian scholars, who had inherited the imperial ideal from the Portuguese, aimed to unite the five scattered regions to which historian Abreu referred to as a nation.

Keywords:   João Capistrano de Abreu, Brazilian historian, Capítulos de História Colonial, ethnographic groups, Portuguese Empire, Brazilian scholars

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