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The Oxford History of Historical WritingVolume 4: 1800-1945$
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Stuart Macintyre, Juan Maiguashca, and Attila Pók

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199533091

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199533091.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2020

Contemporary Alternatives to German Historicism in the Nineteenth Century

Contemporary Alternatives to German Historicism in the Nineteenth Century

(p.59) Chapter 3 Contemporary Alternatives to German Historicism in the Nineteenth Century
The Oxford History of Historical Writing

Eckhardt Fuchs

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes how the professionalization of historical studies and redefinition of their theoretical and methodological foundations in the second half of the 19th century were fixed in the processes of European modernization and nationalization. Historians not only began to create their own institutions during this time, but also imposed new epistemological and methodological concepts in order to establish a valid ‘scientific’ basis for their profession. This chapter also talks about the debates surrounding the epistemological and methodological foundations of historical writing. The overlapping issue was the epistemological question of how to write history scientifically and how to create historical knowledge independently of other fields.

Keywords:   epistemological question, methodological concepts, historians, European modernization, scientific basis, historical writing, historical knowledge

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