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Domestication of Plants in the Old WorldThe origin and spread of domesticated plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin$
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Daniel Zohary, Maria Hopf, and Ehud Weiss

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199549061

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199549061.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

Fruit trees and nuts

Fruit trees and nuts

(p.114) Chapter 6 Fruit trees and nuts
Domestication of Plants in the Old World

Daniel Zohary

Ehud Weiss

Maria Hopf*

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the different aspects of fruit-tree domestication, and its difference with grain crop agriculture. Grains and crops can be moved from one place to another after the harvest, which makes them suitable for cultivators who transfer to other places after harvest. In contrast, fruit trees are perennials. For example, orchards start to bear fruit three to eight years after planting, and reach full productivity several years later. Therefore, it needs protection from intruders the year round, requiring cultivators to have a settled way of life. This chapter also studies the cultivation of fruit trees and nuts including olive, grapevine, fig, sycamore, date palm, pomegranate, apple, pear, plum, and cherries.

Keywords:   fruit-tree, olive, grapevine, fig, sycamore, date palm, pomegranate, apple, pear, plum

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