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Tradition, Translation, TraumaThe Classic and the Modern$
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Jan Parker and Timothy Mathews

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554591

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199554591.001.0001

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Cicero: Gentleman and Orator

Cicero: Gentleman and Orator

Metaphors in Eighteenth‐Century Reception

(p.91) 4 Cicero: Gentleman and Orator
Tradition, Translation, Trauma

Matthew Fox

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the rupture between Rome and modernity: a rupture that concerns relationships between life and text, and which has at its heart a problem with metaphor. Cicero is not just the expression of this rupture: as the best preserved figure from Classical antiquity, the most widely read Classical author, and the most popular model for composing elegant Latin prose, he was the linchpin of all school, and much university, education in Europe until well into the twentieth century. The chapter explores the role of metaphor in Cicero’s afterlife, and the way in which approximation and false comparison have obscured vital elements of his thought and writing.

Keywords:   Cicero, Classical antiquity, Rome, modernity, metaphor, afterlife, Classical author, false comparison

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