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The Anatomy of PalmsArecaceae - Palmae$
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P. Barry Tomlinson, James W. Horn, and Jack B. Fisher

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199558926

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199558926.001.0001

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Subfamily Nypoideae

Subfamily Nypoideae

(p.112) Subfamily Nypoideae
The Anatomy of Palms

P. Barry Tomlinson

James W. Horn

Jack B. Fisher

Oxford University Press

The subfamily Nypoideae is represented by the mangrove palm, Nypa fruticans, which is naturally distributed from Sri Lanka, throughout southeast Asia to northern Australia, and many of the western Pacific Islands. Nypa occupies estuarine mud in conditions where there is limited wave action and its clonal spread can produce extensive pure stands. It represents one extreme of the considerable ecological spectrum exhibited by palms. Nypa represents one of the earliest-diverging lineages of palms, sister to a clade containing subfamilies Coryphoideae, Ceroxyloideae, and Arecoideae. This chapter discusses the anatomical features of Nypa covering the leaf, stem, root, vascular elements, and cell inclusions.

Keywords:   palms, vegetative anatomy, mangrove palm, Nypa fruticans, leaf, stem, root, vascular elements, cell inclusions

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