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Plant-Animal Communication$
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H. Martin Schaefer and Graeme D. Ruxton

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563609

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199563609.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 September 2021

Animals as seed dispersers

Animals as seed dispersers

(p.48) Chapter 3 Animals as seed dispersers
Plant-Animal Communication

H. Martin Schaefer

Graeme D. Ruxton

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the ecological characteristics of animals as an excellent dispersal agent of plant seeds. Plants are fundamentally sessile with their only chance of dispersal being as seeds. Seeds rely on animals, as well as other abiotic agents such as air and water current for transportation. The chapter also explains the scattering of seeds by terrestrial vertebrate frugivores (endozoochory), seed transportation outside of mammals and birds (epizoochory), invertebrates (myrmecochory), fish (ichthochory), reptiles, and the combination of different forms of dispersal (diplochory) as well as the advantages of animal-based dispersal.

Keywords:   seed dispersal, abiotic agent, vertebrate, endozoochory, epizoochory, ichthochory, diplochory

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