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Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BCCrossing the Divide$
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Tom Moore and Xosê-Lois Armada

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199567959

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199567959.001.0001

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Settlement and Landscape in Iron Age Europe

Settlement and Landscape in Iron Age Europe

Archaeological Mainstreams and Minorities

(p.81) 2 Settlement and Landscape in Iron Age Europe
Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BC

Gonzalo Ruiz Zapatero

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a general analysis of archaeological traditions in Europe, distinguishing between archaeological mainstreams and minorities. It then looks at the European Iron Age as a period of late prehistory and makes some observations about the nature of its archaeological research. This is followed by discussions of the archaeological traditions of the British and Spanish Iron Ages, focusing on three aspects: theoretical approaches, organization of the discipline, and archaeological practice; and approaches to Iron Age settlement and landscapes. It argues that settlement and landscape are traditional issues in European Iron Age archaeology, with different approaches in each archaeological tradition as well as language barriers to sharing results and knowledge. Iron Age studies must be contextualized in a more European context for creating common agendas in research and teaching and looking at the same questions from different backgrounds.

Keywords:   European archaeology, archaeological traditions, Iron Age, archaeological practice, archaeological research, Iron Age settlement, landscape archaeology

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