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Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BCCrossing the Divide$
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Tom Moore and Xosê-Lois Armada

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199567959

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199567959.001.0001

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Landscape in the Late Iron Age of Northwest Portugal

Landscape in the Late Iron Age of Northwest Portugal

(p.187) 7 Landscape in the Late Iron Age of Northwest Portugal
Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BC

Francisco Sande Lemos

Gonçalo Cruz

João Fonte

Joana Valdez

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on archaeological remains found in the north-western Iberian landscape known as castors (hillforts). Castro was the common designation of a certain type of settlement, traditionally ascribed to the Iron Age. It is mostly recognized by its circular house structures enclosed by thick ramparts and location on high topographical points, in order to control the surrounding landscape. The relationship between the castors has been interpreted in distinctive ways. For some authors it can be regarded as an endemic situation of war, castors against castors. Other researchers although recognizing the important social role of warfare, also stress other significant factors as sociopolitical, economic, or cultural matters.

Keywords:   Iberian archaeology, Iberian peninsula, castro culture, castros, Iron Age settlements, hillforts

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