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Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BCCrossing the Divide$
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Tom Moore and Xosê-Lois Armada

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199567959

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199567959.001.0001

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La Tène and Early Gallo-Roman Settlement in Central Gaul

La Tène and Early Gallo-Roman Settlement in Central Gaul

An Examination of the Boundary between the Aedui, Lingoni, and Senoni (Northern Burgundy, France)

(p.205) 8 La Tène and Early Gallo-Roman Settlement in Central Gaul
Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BC

Pierre Nouvel

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses settlement patterns from northern Burgundy which suggest major changes in the middle and late La Tène period (second century BC). The most important is the appearance of ‘towns’ (or agglomerated settlements), first emerging as unenclosed ‘villages’, which exhibit craft specialization and evidence for exchange activities, and later as fortified oppida with more evidence for the functions of a ‘town’. A contemporary increasing development of sanctuaries is also observed in the vicinity. This proto-urbanization was made possible by the rural expansion also witnessed at the same time.

Keywords:   archaeology, northern Burgundy, France, settlements, towns, villages, oppida, proto-urbanization, sanctuaries

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