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Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BCCrossing the Divide$
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Tom Moore and Xosê-Lois Armada

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199567959

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199567959.001.0001

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‘Reconstructing Iron Age Society’ Revisited

‘Reconstructing Iron Age Society’ Revisited

Chapter:
(p.223) 9 ‘Reconstructing Iron Age Society’ Revisited
Source:
Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BC
Author(s):

John Collis

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199567959.003.0009

Linguistically defined subjects such as Celtic Studies have great potential as a field of discourse between Linguistics, Archaeology, History, Anthropology, Classical Studies, and Art History. Unfortunately, the subject is still dominated by linguistic models originating in the nineteenth century which have been superseded by better data and methodologies, and by new paradigms in, for instance, Archaeology and Anthropology. This chapter identifies the theoretical, methodological, and factual failures of this approach. It demonstrates that attempts by traditionalists to use an idealized ‘Celtic society’, as well as Raimund Karl's more sophisticated approach, are methodologically wrong. They are simply not backed up by the observations which we can make of anthropological and historical data. The chapter also clarifies the way in which historical and anthropological models should be used.

Keywords:   Iron Age societies, reconstruction, archaeology, Celtic Studies, linguistic models, historical models, anthropological models

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