This chapter reviews the different experiments that support the evidence of multiple stable states. Among the thirty-five experiments published between 1980 and 2004 as proof of the multiple stable states, Schröder et al concluded that only nine were good enough or appropriate to be considered field tests. A study of these nine cases and several others suggests that very few experiments contain adequate controls and are well-replicated without pseudoreplication. The chapter also discusses Morley's comments on live weights of ewes, and explains how Jonathan Chase's experiment supports the multiple stable states. A case of multiple stable states on the Gulf of Maine is presented.
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