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Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems$
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Peter Petraitis

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199569342

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569342.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Experimental evidence

Experimental evidence

(p.47) 4 Experimental evidence
Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems

Peter Petraitis

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the different experiments that support the evidence of multiple stable states. Among the thirty-five experiments published between 1980 and 2004 as proof of the multiple stable states, Schröder et al concluded that only nine were good enough or appropriate to be considered field tests. A study of these nine cases and several others suggests that very few experiments contain adequate controls and are well-replicated without pseudoreplication. The chapter also discusses Morley's comments on live weights of ewes, and explains how Jonathan Chase's experiment supports the multiple stable states. A case of multiple stable states on the Gulf of Maine is presented.

Keywords:   multiple stable states, pseudoreplication, Jonathan Chase, Schröder

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