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Wetland Archaeology and BeyondTheory and Practice$
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Francesco Menotti

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199571017

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199571017.001.0001

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In the Field and Beyond

In the Field and Beyond

Survey, Excavation, Preservation, and Conservation

(p.203) 5 In the Field and Beyond
Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

Francesco Menotti

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses field methods (survey, excavation, preservation, and conservation) in wetland archaeology. These methods differ from those of ‘conventional’ archaeology due to the peculiarity of wetland environments and their delicate waterlogged organic remains. It covers non-destructive survey techniques such as the Swath Bathymetry Sonar (SwBS) for underwater survey and Spectral Induced Polarization (SIP) for waterlogged terrains; excavation methods, including suspended walkways and scaffolding structures used in peatbog excavations and the cofferdam technique adopted in lacustrine or river-bank digs; major preservation techniques, from stabilizing the water-table used in waterlogged terrains (marshlands, swamps, peatbogs, etc.) to anti-erosion measures (geotextile blankets, protective enclosure geo vegetational management, etc.) applied on lake shores, river banks, and coastal areas; and post-excavation conservation techniques, with special emphasis on the polyethylene glycol (PEG) technique.

Keywords:   wetlands, wetland archaeology, archaeological excavation, field methods, survey, excavation

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