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On What MattersVolume Two$
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Derek Parfit

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572816

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.001.0001

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Naturalism and Nihilism

Naturalism and Nihilism

(p.357) 27 Naturalism and Nihilism
On What Matters

Samuel Scheffler

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks in detail at Naturalism and Nihilism, first by applying the Triviality Objection to Non-Analytical Naturalism about reasons. If normativity is best conceived as involving reasons or apparent reasons, the main question is whether facts about reasons might be natural facts. And the Triviality Objection takes a simpler, clearer form. In his defence of Subjectivism, Mark Schroeder claims that when some fact explains why some act would fulfil one of our present desires, this fact is a reason for us to act in this way. The chapter also explains natural facts based on two opposing views, Soft Naturalism and Hard Naturalism, along with the Soft Naturalist's Dilemma and its Further Information version.

Keywords:   reasons, Naturalism, Nihilism, Triviality Objection, Non-Analytical Naturalism, normativity, natural facts, Soft Naturalism, Hard Naturalism, Soft Naturalist's Dilemma

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