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Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC$
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Rune Frederiksen

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199578122

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

Types of Fortification

Types of Fortification

(p.8) 2. Types of Fortification
Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Rune Frederiksen

Oxford University Press

This chapter talks about the different classifications of fortified settlement starting from the Early Iron Age, followed by the Archaic fortifications and that of the polis. Early Iron Age fortifications are marked by the absence of settlement within and may have only been used as a refuge; an example of this is the Emporio on Chios. The chapter states that distinct characterization must be made between fortifications of the polis' settlements (including the urban centre), territory, and the fortifications created for defence on a regional scale in order to procure a clear analysis of the situation in the Archaic period. It presents evidence on the existence of fortified harbours and villages (also known as second-order settlements), private estates, forts, and towers. It also compares nucleated settlements and urban centres.

Keywords:   fortification, Early Iron Age, Archaic city, polis, nucleated settlements, Chios

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