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Chemical Ecology in Aquatic Systems$
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Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199583096

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199583096.001.0001

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How to explore the sometimes unusual chemistry of aquatic defence chemicals

How to explore the sometimes unusual chemistry of aquatic defence chemicals

(p.184) Chapter 13 How to explore the sometimes unusual chemistry of aquatic defence chemicals
Chemical Ecology in Aquatic Systems

Georg Pohnert

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces two defence strategies that do not fall within the categories of constitutive, activated, or induced defences. The first one relies on very simple primary metabolites or their transformation to achieve a chemical defence, and the second one on symbionts producing elaborate metabolites. The chapter provides an insight into the general chemical aspects of aquatic metabolites and their biosynthesis. It presents the challenges that the diversity of defence strategies, the diversity of physiochemical properties, and the diversity of biosynthetic pathways represent for the structure interpretation of bioactive aquatic natural products. It also gives techniques that are currently employed in the search for new bioactive compounds.

Keywords:   defence strategies, metabolites, chemical defence, symbionts, aquatic metabolites, biosynthesis, physiochemical properties, biosynthetic pathways, bioactive aquatic natural products, bioactive compounds

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