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Political Parties and Democratic LinkageHow Parties Organize Democracy$
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Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell, and Ian McAllister

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199599356

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199599356.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 August 2021

Party Evolution

Party Evolution

(p.214) (p.215) 9 Party Evolution
Political Parties and Democratic Linkage

Russell J. Dalton

David M. Farrell

Ian McAllister

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how and why parties have retained their predominant position within democracies in the face of so many predictions of their imminent demise. It argues that while there is evidence for party decline, there is at least as much evidence of party adaptation. The first section reviews the study' s broad findings, with particular reference to their implications for the party government model. The second section focuses on party adaptation and examines how, and in what ways, parties have adapted to the changing circumstances in which they find themselves. The third section outlines the mechanisms through which parties have maintained their dominance, from institutional design to organizational change. The final section covers the unanticipated threats that can emerge to damage parties that, by definition, they have difficulty adapting to.

Keywords:   political parties, democracies, party government model, party adaptation

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