This chapter discusses the influence of environmental factors towards social structure and social behaviour. It looks into the variety of impacts of human-induced environmental changes on sociality and studies the demographic consequences on population biology. It analyses intraspecific and interspecific variation in sociality in identifying key environmental drivers of demography. It enumerates some of the ways that social behaviour and social structure are dependent upon the distribution and abundance of resources and other environmental factors. It presents individual based-models that allow prediction of demographic consequences of anthropogenic factors such as climate change and habitat alteration, and also to predict the consequences of anthropogenic change on a variety of animals.
Keywords: environmental factors, social structure, social behaviour, human-induced environmental changes, sociality, demographic consequences, population biology, interspecific variation, climate change, habitat alteration
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