This chapter focuses on etymology, whose goal is to gain a grasp on the present rather than establish historical origins. As a form of thought, speech, and communication, etymology is not restricted to usage in literature. The chapter considers etymology in relation to ancient grammar and lexicography, along with its intellectual functions. It also presents texts such as Augustine's De dialectica, Etymologiae by Isidore of Seville, Magnae derivationes by Hugutio of Pisa, Joannes Balbus's Catholicon, Petrus Helias's Summa super Priscianum, Derivationes by Osbern of Gloucester, and the glosses Promisimus and Tria sunt.
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