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Medieval Grammar and RhetoricLanguage Arts and Literary Theory, AD 300 -1475$
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Rita Copeland and Ineke Sluiter

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199653782

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199653782.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 April 2021

Aelius Donatus, Ars minor, Ars maior, Life of Virgil, CA. 350

Aelius Donatus, Ars minor, Ars maior, Life of Virgil, CA. 350

(p.82) Aelius Donatus, Ars minor, Ars maior, Life of Virgil, CA. 350
Medieval Grammar and Rhetoric
Rita Copeland, Ineke Sluiter
Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses three works by Aelius Donatus (ca. 350), a leading figure in late antique and medieval grammar: Ars minor, Ars maior, and Life of Virgil. Consisting of three books, Ars maior provides the standard structure for any treatment of grammar until it was replaced with the fourfold division into ortographia, prosodia, ethimologia, diasintastica (‘syntax’) current in the later Middle Ages. The third book of Ars maior treats grammatical deviations as well as figures of speech and tropes. Ars minor, intended for beginners, deals with the main concepts of the theory of the parts of speech in question and answer format. ‘Life of Virgil’ is a commentary on Virgil, the most important literary source in Ars maior.

Keywords:   grammar, Aelius Donatus, Ars minor, Ars maior, Life of Virgil, figures of speech, tropes, parts of speech, commentary, Virgil

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