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Medieval Grammar and RhetoricLanguage Arts and Literary Theory, AD 300 -1475$
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Rita Copeland and Ineke Sluiter

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199653782

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199653782.001.0001

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Servius, Commentary on the Aeneid, CA. 400–420

Servius, Commentary on the Aeneid, CA. 400–420

(p.125) Servius, Commentary on the Aeneid, CA. 400–420
Medieval Grammar and Rhetoric
Rita Copeland, Ineke Sluiter
Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses Servius's commentary on the Aeneid, an epic poem by Virgil. In the commentary to book one, Servius comments on the life of the poet, the title of the work, the quality or nature of the poem, the author's intention, the number of books, and the order of books. His primary focus is language and the function of the poet as a potential model for students. In deciding on whether linguistic utterance is correct, Servius relies on traditional criteria such as analogy, nature, the authority of canonical authors (auctoritas), and educated usage or convention (usus, consuetudo).

Keywords:   commentary, Aeneid, poem, Virgil, language, linguistic utterance, analogy, nature, canonical authors, convention

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