This chapter examines whether alternative, contemporary, or holistic spirituality refutes the secularisation paradigm's basic premise that the decline in religion is a consequence of subtle but powerful features of modernisation. Drawing on sample surveys and extensive local area studies in Britain, it considers whether the decline of shared institutional religion has been offset by the rise of individualised religion It first provides an overview of vicarious and folk religion throughout Britain before turning to a discussion of the structural weakness of alternative spirituality, with particular emphasis on commitment, consensus, cohesion, and evangelism. It then assesses the implications of the holistic spirituality milieu for the secularisation paradigm and concludes by arguing that alternative spirituality does not refute the paradigm, but instead offers strong support for its contention that individualism undermines religion.
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