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Avian Urban Ecology$
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Diego Gil and Henrik Brumm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199661572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199661572.001.0001

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Mechanisms of phenotypic responses following colonization of urban areas

Mechanisms of phenotypic responses following colonization of urban areas

from plastic to genetic adaptation

(p.131) Chapter 10 Mechanisms of phenotypic responses following colonization of urban areas
Avian Urban Ecology

Jesko Partecke

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the impact of urbanization on avian species. It discusses urbanization and its ecological effects on animals; the evolutionary consequences of urbanization; the history and timing of colonization events; and phenotypic adjustments to the urban environment and their underlying mechanisms (from plastic to genetic adaptations). A review of existing studies shows that urbanization causes significant changes in the behaviour, physiology, and morphology of avian species. However, knowledge about the underlying mechanisms that generate these phenotypic adjustments is still very limited.

Keywords:   urbanization, evolution, colonization, evolutionary dynamics, adaptation, phenotypic adjustment

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