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Avian Urban Ecology$
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Diego Gil and Henrik Brumm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199661572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199661572.001.0001

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Acoustic communication in the urban environment

Acoustic communication in the urban environment

patterns, mechanisms, and potential consequences of avian song adjustments

(p.69) Chapter 6 Acoustic communication in the urban environment
Avian Urban Ecology

Diego Gil

Henrik Brumm

Oxford University Press

One consequence of urbanization is the massive level of anthropogenic noise that animals have to cope with. Because birds use acoustic signals to communicate vital information, the masking of their vocalizations has potentially major effects on their fitness. This chapter explores the difficulties of acoustic communication in the urban habitat, the different solutions that birds may use to circumvent them, and the possible consequences this may have for sexual selection and speciation. The adverse effects of anthropogenic noise on birds, such as stress or hearing damage, are all related to masking of acoustic signals and other important biological sounds.

Keywords:   birds, noise, acoustic communication, urban habitat, sexual selection, speciation, anthropogenic noise, bird song, vocalization

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