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Avian Urban Ecology$
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Diego Gil and Henrik Brumm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199661572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199661572.001.0001

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The impact of anthropogenic noise on avian communication and fitness

The impact of anthropogenic noise on avian communication and fitness

(p.84) Chapter 7 The impact of anthropogenic noise on avian communication and fitness
Avian Urban Ecology

Wouter Halfwerk

Hans Slabbekoorn

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how noise pollution affects avian fitness. It first reviews the current insights on the impact of anthropogenic noise on species distribution and reproductive success. It describes how anthropogenic noise affects communication and breeding behaviour through an overlap between high noise levels and species-specific advertisement sounds that are important for territorial defence, mate attraction, and pair bonding. It then discusses insights gained from a model species, the great tit (Parus major). Studies on great tits and other species show the use of different acoustic strategies in response to noisy conditions, including amplitude adjustment and spatial adjustment, which seem independent of specific singing styles or song features.

Keywords:   anthropogenic noise, noise pollution, birds, avian fitness, species distribution, reproductive success, great tit, Parus major

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