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Avian Urban Ecology$
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Diego Gil and Henrik Brumm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199661572

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199661572.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

The impacts of urbanization on avian disease transmission and emergence

The impacts of urbanization on avian disease transmission and emergence

(p.116) Chapter 9 The impacts of urbanization on avian disease transmission and emergence
Avian Urban Ecology

Lynn B. Martin

Martyna Boruta

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines avian disease transmission and emergence in cities. It first summarizes the relevant literature then integrates it with ideas derived from the fields of disease ecology and ecological immunology. This approach provides conceptual unification and direction to an area that is simply too young to warrant synthesis. The chapter argues that among all the factors that impact avian disease in cities, perhaps the most controllable is human provisioning of resources. Although landfills, restaurants, food processing sites, and farms can impact avian disease cycles (and epizootic risk), the maintenance and use of bird feeders might be the one that, if modified, could rapidly and significantly affect urban health.

Keywords:   avian disease, birds, disease transmission, disease ecology, ecological immunology, urban health, bird feeders

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