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From Perception to ConsciousnessSearching with Anne Treisman$
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Jeremy Wolfe and Lynn Robertson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199734337

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 September 2021

Focused and Divided Attention to the Eyes and Ears 

Focused and Divided Attention to the Eyes and Ears 

A Research Journey

(p.32) 2. Focused and Divided Attention to the Eyes and Ears 
From Perception to Consciousness

Nelson Cowan

Oxford University Press

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's papers Contextual cues in selective listening, published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (1960) and Divided attention to ear and eye, published in Attention and Performance IV (1973). The first paper describes the results of an experiment that investigated how expectancy based on transition probabilities between words affects dichotic localization cues. The second paper, written in collaboration with Alison Davies, discusses the results of two experiments that show how the limits of divided attention are reduced when stimuli are presented simultaneously to ear and eye rather than both to the ears or both to the eyes. This chapter analyzes the research of Treisman (1960) and Treisman and Davies (1973) and proposes some tentative resolutions of key theoretical issues relating to dichotic stimuli and filter theories of selective attention, with particular reference to attenuation theory, along with bimodal stimuli and theories of working memory limits.

Keywords:   localization cues, Anne Treisman, Alison Davies, experiments, divided attention, dichotic stimuli, selective attention, attenuation theory, bimodal stimuli, working memory

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