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Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity$
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Rainer Grote and Tilmann Röder

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199759880

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759880.001.0001

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The Separation of Powers in Muslim Countries

The Separation of Powers in Muslim Countries

Historical and Comparative Perspectives

Including the Basic Law of the Ottoman Empire of 1876 with Selected Revisions and the Fundamental Law of the Iranian Empire of 1906 with the Supplement of 1907

(p.321) 4.1 The Separation of Powers in Muslim Countries
Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity

Tilmann J. Röder

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the separation of powers in the late Ottoman Empire—the largest and most powerful Islamic state in early modern history—and its neighbor, the Iranian Empire. Both empires' constitutional legacies presumably influenced the developments in many countries of the Islamic world. It addresses questions such as: Does the separation of powers have roots in the ancient world? And how far did the separation of powers develop in the Islamic empires at the dawn of the twentieth century? The historical observations are followed by a short discussion of the question of which models—historical or contemporary, domestic or foreign—have shaped the constitutional systems of the existing Islamic countries.

Keywords:   separation of powers, Islamic statehood, Ottoman Empire, Iranian Empire, constitutional systems, Islamic countries

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