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Indian Philosophy in EnglishFrom Renaissance to Independence$
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Nalini Bhushan and Jay L. Garfield

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199769261

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.001.0001

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Rabindranath Tagore, “Pathway to Mukti” (1925)

Rabindranath Tagore, “Pathway to Mukti” (1925)

(p.151) 3 Rabindranath Tagore, “Pathway to Mukti” (1925)
Indian Philosophy in English

Nalini Bhushan

Jay L. Garfield

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an excerpt from Rabindranath Tagore’s “Pathway to Mukti,” an address he delivered in 1925 as President of the Indian Philosophical Congress. Tagore was a prolific and accomplished poet, novelist, and playwright, and is perhaps best known for his literary output, a massive corpus comprising impressive writing in both Bengali and English. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for his Gitānjali, a cycle of prose poems. Tagore was also a prominent educator, founding Visva Bharati University at Shantiniketan, a university noted for its internationalism and strength in the arts, and now a leading university in India. In his presidential address, Tagore explores the role of philosophy in Indian culture. He considers the link between poetry and philosophy by citing the epic Mahābhārata as an example. Finally, he expounds on the idea of mukti, or freedom, and argues that in India it mean freedom from ignorance, resulting in enlightenment.

Keywords:   mukti, Rabindranath Tagore, Indian Philosophical Congress, philosophy, culture, poetry, Mahābhārata, freedom

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