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Indian Philosophy in EnglishFrom Renaissance to Independence$
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Nalini Bhushan and Jay L. Garfield

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199769261

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.001.0001

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Rabindranath Tagore, “Nationalism in India” (1917)

Rabindranath Tagore, “Nationalism in India” (1917)

Chapter:
(p.21) 2 Rabindranath Tagore, “Nationalism in India” (1917)
Source:
Indian Philosophy in English
Author(s):

Nalini Bhushan

Jay L. Garfield

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.003.0002

This chapter presents an excerpt from Rabindranath Tagore's 1917 essay “Nationalism in India,” in which he considers the specific challenges faced by India in developing a national self-consciousness as well as the need for that consciousness to be grounded in Indian cultural sensibilities. Tagore was a prolific and accomplished poet, novelist, and playwright and is perhaps best known for his literary output, a massive corpus comprising remarkable writing in both Bengali and English. Tagore is less well known as a philosopher but made significant contributions to the development of Indian philosophy in the early twentieth century. In his essay, Tagore argues that the real problem in India is not political but social, a condition that he says prevails not only in India but among all nations. He also notes a parallelism between America and India—the parallelism of welding together various races into one body. In the end, he claims that India has never had a real sense of nationalism, and that nationalism has for years been at the bottom of India's troubles.

Keywords:   Indian nationalism, Rabindranath Tagore, India, America

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