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Indian Philosophy in EnglishFrom Renaissance to Independence$
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Nalini Bhushan and Jay L. Garfield

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199769261

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.001.0001

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Aurobindo Ghosh, “The Renaissance in India” (1918)

Aurobindo Ghosh, “The Renaissance in India” (1918)

(p.37) 3 Aurobindo Ghosh, “The Renaissance in India” (1918)
Indian Philosophy in English

Nalini Bhushan

Jay L. Garfield

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an excerpt from Aurobindo Ghosh's 1918 essay, “The Renaissance in India,” in which he explores the meaning of India's renaissance for its national identity. Ghosh (later Sri Aurobindo) was a central political, religious, and philosophical figure in the Indian renaissance. In his essay, Ghosh notes that the first age of India's greatness was accompanied by spirituality when the country sought passionately for the truth of existence through the intuitive mind and through an inner experience and interpretation both of the psychic and the physical existence. The second long epoch of India's greatness was an age of the intellect, the ethical sense, the dynamic will in action enlightened to formulate and govern life in the luster of spiritual truth. Ghosh also discusses the three-step process which has led up to the renaissance in India, the transformation of poetry and literature in Bengal, and religion as a central preoccupation of the Indian mind.

Keywords:   renaissance, India, Aurobindo Ghosh, national identity, spirituality, intellect, poetry, literature, Bengal, religion

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