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Indian Philosophy in EnglishFrom Renaissance to Independence$
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Nalini Bhushan and Jay L. Garfield

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199769261

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769261.001.0001

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K. C. Bhattacharyya, “Svaraj in Ideas” (1928)

K. C. Bhattacharyya, “Svaraj in Ideas” (1928)

(p.101) 7 K. C. Bhattacharyya, “Svaraj in Ideas” (1928)
Indian Philosophy in English

Nalini Bhushan

Jay L. Garfield

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a transcript of Krishna Chandra Bhattacharyya's 1928 talk entitled “Svaraj In Ideas,” given to students on the practice of philosophy in colonial India. Bhattacharyya discusses svaraj, or self-determination, in politics, with particular emphasis on what he calls Svaraj in Ideas wherein one frees himself from cultural subjection. He also notes how Western culture—which means an entire system of ideas and sentiments—has been imposed upon the Indian people, and argues that Indian education has not so far helped its people understand themselves and the significance of their past, the realities of their present, and their mission of the future. Finally, he addresses the conflict of the ideas and ideals of the West with those of India, as well as two forms of rationalism with respect to Indian ideals; the so-called universalism of reason or of religion; and the individuality of Indian thought and spirit.

Keywords:   svaraj, Krishna Chandra Bhattacharyya, Svaraj in Ideas, philosophy, India, self-determination, politics, Western culture, education, rationalism

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