Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Learned IgnoranceIntellectual Humility among Jews, Christians and Muslims$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

James L. Heft, Reuven Firestone, and Omid Safi

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199769308

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199769308.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 October 2021

Between Tradition and Reform

Between Tradition and Reform

Between Premodern Sufism and the Iranian Reform Movement

(p.278) 15 Between Tradition and Reform
Learned Ignorance

Omid Safi

Oxford University Press

This chapter recognizes a connection, a resonance, between the world of premodern Muslim mystics (Sufis) and those of contemporary Islamic reformers in Iran. It develops the notion of various stages of certainty (and doubt) that the premodern Sufis write about, moving from knowledge to vision to reality. It summarizes modern Iranian thinkers and claims that is it unfortunate that many modern Muslims have great difficulty believing that premodern Muslims were so willing to recognize innovation and the “hybridity” of their own selves. It urges modern Muslims to embrace this great premodern tradition by focusing on the concept of ijtihad, that is, the assertion that independent principled reasoning is able to come up with new answers to new problems. The chapter concludes with a call for greater mutual understanding among believers of different religious traditions, finding in the affirmation of religious pluralism a more faithful way to remain faithful to one's own religious tradition.

Keywords:   Muslims, religious pluralism, Sufis, premodern Muslim mystics, Islamic reformers, Iran

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .