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Empire of IdeasThe Origins of Public Diplomacy and the Transformation of U. S. Foreign Policy$
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Justin Hart

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199777945

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777945.001.0001

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“The Projection of America”

“The Projection of America”

Propaganda as Foreign Policy at the Office of War Information

(p.71) 3 “The Projection of America”
Empire of Ideas

Justin Hart

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the use of propaganda as part of the foreign policy of the United States during and after World War II. More specifically, it considers the Office of War Information's (OWI) role in laying the groundwork for public diplomacy after the war. It analyzes how OWI officials theorized the place of propaganda in a democratic society, the proliferation of access to mass communications, the relationship between foreign relations and domestic affairs, the distinction between propaganda and psychological warfare, and the link between public and private sources of information. It also explains how propaganda mixed with cultural diplomacy formed the core of America's public diplomacy matrix in the postwar period.

Keywords:   propaganda, foreign policy, United States, World War II, Office of War Information, public diplomacy, mass communications, foreign relations, psychological warfare, cultural diplomacy

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