This introductory chapter expounds on the effects of New Pleading following the Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly and Ashcroft v. Iqbal cases. In civil procedure, the court employs a screening process for filing pleadings or “complaints” (in the U.S. lexicon) that require adequate legal and factual sufficiency in order for that pleading to be pursued in court. In the case of Twombly and Iqbal, the court had imposed a new “plausibility” requirement unheard of in the past fifty years. The New Pleading reform is meant to save both the court and defendant the costs of litigation. However, New Pleading is not without its disadvantages—in order to balance out the complications of New Pleading, there must be a renewed focus on more cost-efficient discovery measures and cooperative management.
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