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The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America$
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Frank Gilliam

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199837656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.001.0001

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The Herbaceous Layer as a Filter Determining Spatial Pattern in Forest Tree Regeneration

The Herbaceous Layer as a Filter Determining Spatial Pattern in Forest Tree Regeneration

Chapter:
(p.340) 14 The Herbaceous Layer as a Filter Determining Spatial Pattern in Forest Tree Regeneration
Source:
The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America
Author(s):

Lisa O. George

Fakhri A. Bazzaz

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0014

This chapter first considers the influence of the understory filter on dispersal, germination, and survival of tree seeds and seedlings individually. It then explains the effects of the understory filter on tree seedling community attributes such as tree seedling distribution, species composition, and diversity; the influence of the understory filter on seedling growth; and the role of the understory in determining the size structure of tree seedling communities. The filtering activity of the understory is complex not only because of its activity at multiple life stages of a tree, but also because the understory itself is a complex and changing mosaic of understory plants. The chapter concludes by discussing the spatial and temporal distribution of understory plants and how the mosaic nature of the understory affects the complexity of the understory filter.

Keywords:   understory filter, tree seeds, germination, seedlings, seedling communities, species composition

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