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The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America$
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Frank Gilliam

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199837656

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 January 2022

Ecophysiology of the Herbaceous Layer in Temperate Deciduous Forests

Ecophysiology of the Herbaceous Layer in Temperate Deciduous Forests

Chapter:
(p.35) 3 Ecophysiology of the Herbaceous Layer in Temperate Deciduous Forests
Source:
The Herbaceous Layer in Forests of Eastern North America
Author(s):

Howard S. Neufeld

Donald R. Young

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837656.003.0003

This chapter focuses on the major ecomorphological and ecophysiological adaptations that characterize understory herbs and relates these features to the dynamic and limiting light environment in temperate deciduous forests. It begins by first characterizing the light microclimate within temperate deciduous forests, and then moves on to physiological and morphological adaptations at increasing scales of organization. Relatively few studies of herb physiology have been conducted in eastern North American forests, so the chapter draws on the literature for temperate deciduous forests from across all similar geographic regions in order to make global generalizations. The analytical approach involves utilizing life-form analysis for scaling from the individual leaf or species to the ecosystem level. It is shown that generalizations can be made concerning species functioning within specific phenological groups that pertain to temperate deciduous forests across the globe.

Keywords:   ecophysiological adaptation, ecomorphological adaptation, understory herbs, temperate deciduous forests, herbaceous species

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