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Task Switching and Cognitive Control$
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James Grange and George Houghton

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199921959

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199921959.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 September 2021

Cognitive Flexibility in Childhood and Adolescence

Cognitive Flexibility in Childhood and Adolescence

(p.332) 13 Cognitive Flexibility in Childhood and Adolescence
Task Switching and Cognitive Control

Sabine Peters

Eveline A. Crone

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on cognitive flexibility in childhood and adolescence. Studying the development of cognitive control during childhood provides important insights, as the neural architecture thought to serve cognitive control (e.g. the frontal lobes) is not fully developed in adolescence. It reviews the behavioral and neural development of two types of cognitive flexibility: instructed flexibility (more typically measured by the standard task switching paradigm) and adaptive flexibility (measured with performance-monitoring paradigms). The chapter concludes that both types of flexibility are dissociable when comparing adults with typically developing children, and provides ideas for future research.

Keywords:   children, adolescents, cognitive control, behavioral development, neural development, instructed flexibility, adaptive flexibility

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