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The Baseball TrustA History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption$
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Stuart Banner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 July 2021

The Baseball Trust

The Baseball Trust

Chapter:
(p.35) 2 The Baseball Trust
Source:
The Baseball Trust
Author(s):

Stuart Banner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.003.0002

This chapter examines the idea that baseball in the United States was an unlawful trust or monopoly. It begins by looking at the earliest antitrust attacks against baseball before turning to the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 and its implications for baseball and other kinds of businesses. It then considers the detailed agreement among baseball clubs called the “National Agreement,” and whether it was a contract in restraint of trade. It also discusses the Federal League's lawsuit, filed in federal court in Chicago in January 1915, against the National League and its president John Tener, the American League and its president Ban Johnson, and National Commission chairman August Herrmann. It analyzes the Federal League's claim that organized baseball violated federal antitrust law as well as the law of each of the states in which its teams were located.

Keywords:   baseball, trust, monopoly, Sherman Antitrust Act, National Agreement, Federal League, lawsuit, National League, American League, antitrust law

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