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The Baseball TrustA History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption$
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Stuart Banner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.001.0001

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The Baseball Trust

The Baseball Trust

(p.35) 2 The Baseball Trust
The Baseball Trust

Stuart Banner

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the idea that baseball in the United States was an unlawful trust or monopoly. It begins by looking at the earliest antitrust attacks against baseball before turning to the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 and its implications for baseball and other kinds of businesses. It then considers the detailed agreement among baseball clubs called the “National Agreement,” and whether it was a contract in restraint of trade. It also discusses the Federal League's lawsuit, filed in federal court in Chicago in January 1915, against the National League and its president John Tener, the American League and its president Ban Johnson, and National Commission chairman August Herrmann. It analyzes the Federal League's claim that organized baseball violated federal antitrust law as well as the law of each of the states in which its teams were located.

Keywords:   baseball, trust, monopoly, Sherman Antitrust Act, National Agreement, Federal League, lawsuit, National League, American League, antitrust law

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