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The Baseball TrustA History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption$
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Stuart Banner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.001.0001

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Baseball Becomes Unique

Baseball Becomes Unique

(p.123) 5 Baseball Becomes Unique
The Baseball Trust

Stuart Banner

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on baseball's so-called “antitrust exemption” that makes it unique among all sports in America, including football, hockey, boxing, and basketball. It first examines the Supreme Court's decision in the 1953 case Toolson v. New York Yankees and its implications for team sports as well as the Department of Justice. It then turns to the antitrust suit filed by the government in 1952 against the International Boxing Club and its owners, James D. Norris and Arthur Wirtz, for alleged violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. It also considers the case filed by Bill Radovich, a lineman for the Detroit Lions who was blacklisted by the National Football League (NFL) for jumping to the All America Football Conference, against the NFL.

Keywords:   baseball, antitrust exemption, sports, football, boxing, Toolson v. New York Yankees, antitrust suit, International Boxing Club, Bill Radovich, National Football League

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