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The Baseball TrustA History of Baseball's Antitrust Exemption$
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Stuart Banner

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199930296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930296.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 August 2021

The End of the Reserve Clause

The End of the Reserve Clause

(p.219) 9 The End of the Reserve Clause
The Baseball Trust

Stuart Banner

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the end of the reserve clause, a standard term in player contracts in Major League Baseball that effectively bound a player to his team for his entire career, paving the way for free agency that would have important consequences for baseball's antitrust exemption. It first takes a look at the 1970 collective bargaining agreement between the team owners and the Players Association before discussing how the reserve clause disappeared despite baseball's immunity from federal antitrust law. It then examines the ruling of an arbitrator who determined that the reserve clause bound players only for the season after their contracts expired. It also explains how the decision revolutionized baseball, mainly in the form of increased salaries for the baseball players.

Keywords:   reserve clause, player contracts, Major League Baseball, free agency, baseball, antitrust exemption, collective bargaining agreement, antitrust law, arbitrator, baseball players

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