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Moral Development and RealityBeyond the Theories of Kohlberg, Hoffman, and Haidt$
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John C. Gibbs

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199976171

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199976171.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 September 2021

Beyond the Theories

Beyond the Theories

A Deeper Reality?

(p.206) 9 Beyond the Theories
Moral Development and Reality

John C. Gibbs

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the relationship of moral development and behavior to a deeper reality. It considers the near-death experience phenomenon because of its potentially major implications for moral development and reality by presenting the stories of Pam Reynolds Lowery and Thomas Sawyer. It also examines the ontological significance of the near-death experience and suggests that it is not entirely a matter of subjective projection, but also involves something real. This theory is in agreement with Lawrence Kohlberg's suggestion that a cosmic reality underlies moral development and inspiration. The chapter discusses five questions related to near-death experience: whether the context of the near-death experience influences and even determines the content of the experience; whether near-death experiencers interpret the experience as real; whether verifiable aspects of the near-death experience are accurate or veridical; whether the likelihood or depth of the experience is associated with proximity to physical death; and whether the typical near-death experience actually takes place during near-death.

Keywords:   moral development, deeper reality, near-death experience, Pam Reynolds Lowery, Thomas Sawyer, Lawrence Kohlberg, cosmic reality, physical death

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